October 2011

Agregação (Habilitation) degree by the University of Coimbra, October 2011.

November 1994

Ph.D. on Electrical Engineering by the University of Coimbra, specialization in Instrumentation and Control.

February 1988

Thesis of Scientific and Pedagogical Ability from the Faculty of Science and Technology from the University of Coimbra, .

July 1984

Electrical Engineer Degree (specialization on Computers) by the Faculty of Science and Technology from the University of Coimbra on.